Lake Baikal, the deepest lake in the World

The world’s deepest lake is the Lake Baikal, which has a depth of 1,642 meters (5,387 feet). It is a rift lake in the south of the Russian region of Siberia. It’s bottom is at 4,215 feet (1,285 meters) below the sea level. In terms of volume, Lake Baikal is also the world’s largest freshwater lake; it contains roughly 20% of the world’s unfrozen surface fresh water with 23,615.39 cubic kilometers (5,700 cubic miles). It contains more water than that of all the Great Lakes combined.

View of Lake Baikal
View of Lake Baikal. It is the world’s deepest lake, which has a depth of 1,642 meters (5,387 feet) It is also thought to be the world’s oldest lake at 25 million years. It is the seventh-largest lake in the world by surface area.

Lake Baikal is home to more than 1,700 species of plants and animals, two-thirds of which can be found nowhere else in the world and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996.

A rift lake is a lake formed as a result of subsidence related to movement on faults within a rift zone, an area of extensional tectonics in the continental crust. They are often found within rift valleys and may be very deep. Rift lakes may be bounded by large steep cliffs along the fault margins.

The deepest lake in the United States is Crater Lake, a volcanic crater in southern Oregon. It’s deepest measured depth is 594 meters (1,949 feet). It is the ninth deepest lake in the world.

Location of the Lake Baikal

Top 30 deepest lakes in the world

Here are the list of the deepest 30 lakes in the world:
#. Name :: Country :: Region :: Depth (meters) :: Depth (feet)

30. Te Anau :: New Zealand :: Southland (South Island) :: 425 :: 1,390
29. Manapouri :: New Zealand :: Southland (South Island) :: 444 :: 1,457
28. Great Bear :: Canada :: Northwest Territories :: 446 :: 1,463
27. Fagnano :: Argentina, Chile :: Tierra del Fuego :: 449 :: 1,473
26. Poso :: Indonesia :: Sulawesi :: 450 :: 1,476
25. Van :: Turkey :: East Anatolia :: 451 :: 1,480
24. Chelan :: United States :: Washington (state) :: 453 :: 1,486
23. Adams :: Canada :: British Columbia :: 457 :: 1,499
22. Tinnsjø :: Norway :: Telemark county :: 460 :: 1,509
22. Cochrane / Pueyrredón :: Chile, Argentina :: Aysén (Chile), Santa Cruz (Argentina) :: 460 :: 1,509
21. Hauroko :: New Zealand :: Southland (South Island) :: 462 :: 1,516
20. Nahuel Huapi :: Argentina :: Rio Negro, Patagonia :: 464 :: 1,523
20. Salsvatn :: Norway :: Nord-Trøndelag county :: 464 :: 1,523
19. Mjøsa :: Norway :: Hedmark, Oppland and Akershus counties :: 468 :: 1,535
18. Grand :: Canada :: Newfoundland :: 475 :: 1,558
17. Kivu :: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda :: – :: 480 :: 1,575
16. Argentino :: Argentina :: Santa Cruz (Patagonia) :: 500 :: 1,640
15. Tahoe :: United States :: California, Nevada :: 501 :: 1,645
14. Sarez :: Tajikistan :: – :: 505 :: 1,657
14. Toba :: Indonesia :: Sumatra :: 505 :: 1,657
13. Quesnel :: Canada :: British Columbia :: 506 :: 1,660
12. Hornindalsvatnet :: Norway :: Sogn og Fjordane :: 514 :: 1,686
11. General Carrera-Buenos Aires :: Chile, Argentina :: – :: 586 :: 1,923
10. Matano :: Indonesia :: Sulawesi :: 590 :: 1,936
9. Crater :: United States :: Oregon :: 594 :: 1,949
8. Great Slave :: Canada :: Northwest Territories :: 614 :: 2,015
7. Issyk Kul :: Kyrgyzstan :: – :: 668 :: 2,192
6. Malawi :: Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi :: – :: 706 :: 2,316
5. O’Higgins-San Martín :: Chile, Argentina :: Aysén (Chile), Santa Cruz (Argentina) :: 836 :: 2,742
4. Vostok :: Antarctica :: – :: ~1,000 :: ~3,300
3. Caspian Sea :: Iran, Russia, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan :: – :: 1,025 :: 3,363
2. Tanganyika :: Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Zambia :: Central Africa :: 1,470 :: 4,823
1. Baikal :: Russia :: Siberia :: 1,642 :: 5,387

Sources

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