Africa (orthographic projection)

Africa (orthographic projection)

Africa (orthographic projection). At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, Africa is the world’s second largest and with 1.2 billion people as of 2016, second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories). It covers 6% of Earth’s total surface area and 20% of its land area. Its population accounts for about 16% of the world’s human population.

Africa boasts perhaps the world’s largest combination of density and “range of freedom” of wild animal populations and diversity, with wild populations of large carnivores (such as lions, hyenas, and cheetahs) and herbivores (such as buffalo, elephants, camels, and giraffes) ranging freely on primarily open non-private plains. It is also home to a variety of “jungle” animals including snakes and primates and aquatic life such as crocodiles and amphibians. In addition, Africa has the largest number of megafauna species, as it was least affected by the extinction of the Pleistocene megafauna.

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