Astronomers now think there’s a ninth planet in the solar system almost certainly. The farthest planet from our Sun is probably a giant, smaller than Neptune but likely larger than the Earth. It is informally called Phattie, but commonly known as Planet Nine.
The new research published in The Astronomical Journal with an article titled Evidence For A Distant Giant Planet In The Solar System. The writers of the article are Caltech (California Institute of Technology) astronomers Konstantin Batygin and Michael E. Brown. Yes, the Same Mike Brown who discovered Eris in 2005 (from images taken on October 21, 2003), the second-biggest dwarf planet (so far) after Pluto.
Interestingly, they have had started their research to demonstrate that there’s no ninth planet: it was first proposed in 2014, and it has been the job of Konstantin Batygin and Michael Brown, the scientists in the Division of Geological and Planetary Science at the Caltech, to essentially debunk it. But they reached the exact opposite. Batygin told Nature that “we have a gravitational signature of a giant planet in the outer Solar System”.
The researchers did not observe the planet directly, they merely put together a mathematical model that infers its existence. According to Batygin, they have enough gravitational signature of a giant planet in the outer solar system. The interesting thing is, the scientists claim that some of the most powerful telescopes on Earth probably be capable of spotting it. It can be hiding in some of the photographs taken already by these telescopes and soon be discovered.
If this ninth planet exists, and probably it does, the researchers suspects it’s 10 times the mass of Earth (for comparison, Neptune has 17 times as much mass compared to the Earth) and 200 times farther from the sun. At that distance, it would take the planet between 10,000 to 20,000 Earth years to complete one trip around the sun. Pluto, for comparison, takes 248 years to complete its orbit. At that distance, the possibility for life is near to none. On the surface (if there is a surface, of course), the Sun will be just a brighter star. The ninth planet is likely a desolate ice ball with a gassy outer layer, like Neptune.
Brown is confident that the ninth planet does exist. He tweeted that “OK, OK, I am now willing to admit: I DO believe that the solar system has nine planets”.
- on August 24, 2006 with an IAU resolution that created an official definition for the term “planet”. According to this resolution, there are three main conditions for an object in the Solar System to be considered a planet:
- The object must be in orbit around the Sun.
- The object must be massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity. More specifically, its own gravity should pull it into a shape of hydrostatic equilibrium.
- It must have cleared the neighborhood around its orbit.