Yakutsk is the capital city of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located about 450 kilometers (280 mi) south of the Arctic Circle which has a population of 269,601 (2010 Census). Yakutsk is the coldest major city in the world. If the 3 million km2 Sakha Republic were a sovereign nation, rather than a federal subject of Russia, it would be the coldest national capital as well (now it is Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia).
In Yakutsk, average monthly temperatures range from +19.5 °C (67.1 °F) in July to −38.6 °C (−37.5 °F) in January. The lowest temperature recorded in Yakutsk was −64.4 °C (−83.9 °F) and the highest was +38.4 °C (101.1 °F). Photo: VisitYakutia.com