The Great Pyramid of Giza (Kheops Pyramid)

The Great Pyramid of Giza (Kheops Pyramid)

The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one to remain largely intact.

Based on a mark in an interior chamber naming the work gang and a reference to fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu, Egyptologists believe that the pyramid was built as a tomb over a 10 to 20-year period concluding around 2560 BC. Initially at 146.5 meters (481 feet), the Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years: it held the record between 2570 BC and 1311 AD, and lost the title to the Lincoln Cathedral in London – 159.7 meters / 524 feet height (Spire collapsed in 1549; today, stands at a height of 83 meters / 272 feet). Due to erosion today, the Great Pyramid stands at the height of 138.8 meters (455 ft).

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