Thanks to improvements in healthcare and many other areas, people today are living longer, healthier, and happier lives than ever before. And what’s more, these improvements are global. It’s happening in the developing countries as well. Africa, the poorest continent (eighteen of the poorest countries by GDP per capita are in Africa) is also no exception: the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) declined significantly between 1960 and 2001.
For example, in Ethiopia, as late as 1980, almost a quarter of the children died before their fifth birthday. Today, fewer than 6% die, which is still far too many, but the numbers continue to fall. And vaccines play a very crucial part here. But, supplying vaccines to distant clinics in hot climates served by poorly developed transport networks is a big problem. The vaccines must be kept between 2 and 8° C (36 to 46 °F). They need to be distributed in a temperature-controlled supply chain, which is called “cold chain”. Now, there are two new innovations addressing this problem.
One of them is MetaFridge, a cooler which allows them vaccines to stay between 2 and 8° C (36 to 46 °F) for days, even if the power is out.
Continue reading Two new innovations to save children from dying
Despite today people are living longer, healthier, and happier lives than ever before, there are still many problems that humanity should address. One of the most important of them is the water inequality. While people in First World countries can very easily take fresh, clean water for granted, more than 800 million others in impoverished areas have no access to any clean water source. It is a common occurrence in some regions for people to defecate openly, walk more than 30 minutes to access clean water and share toilets with other humans. In 2018, is this really something that we should just accept as an inevitable way of the world?
Continue reading World’s Water Inequality Crisis
The Earth is getting more crowded every single day. As of December 2017, the world population was estimated at 7.6 billion. It took 200,000 years for our human population to reach 1 billion, and only 200 years to reach 7+ billion. The United Nations estimates it will further increase to 11.2 billion in the year 2100. Another fact is, now people live longer and healthier lives, and infant mortality rate (IMR) is declining rapidly. In the early 1800s, newborn were expected to live only a dismal of 30 years. But, thanks to advances in farming, medicine, and sanitation, a newborn today can expect to live more than 70 years. Is that trend dangerous? Does saving more lives lead to overpopulation? In the video below, Bill Gates answers that question.
Continue reading Watch: Does saving more lives lead to overpopulation?
In a video published by Bill Gates on his Youtube channel, originally titled “Humanity is fighting back against the Grim Reaper”, Steven Pinker, the Canadian-American cognitive psychologist, linguist, popular science author and Johnstone Family Professor in the Department of Psychology at Harvard University explains why people today are living longer, healthier, and happier lives than ever before. Pinker is one of Gates’ favorite authors.
Continue reading People today are living longer, healthier, and happier lives than ever before