The Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) is a ground-based extremely large telescope under construction, planned for completion in 2025. When completed, it will be one member of the next class of giant ground-based telescopes that promises to revolutionize our view and understanding of the universe. It will be constructed in the Las Campanas Observatory in Chile.
GMT has a unique design that offers several advantages. It is a segmented mirror telescope that employs seven of today’s largest stiff monolith mirrors as segments. Six off-axis 8.4 meter or 27-foot segments surround a central on-axis segment, forming a single optical surface 24.5 meters, or 80 feet, in diameter with a total collecting area of 368 square meters. The GMT will have a resolving power 10 times greater than the Hubble Space Telescope!
Continue reading Watch: Casting a $20 Million Mirror for the World’s Largest Telescope (Giant Magellan Telescope)
Rainforests are the oldest living ecosystems and without a shadow of a doubt, the most vital habitats on Earth. They cover only 6% of the Earth’s surface but yet they contain more than half of the world’s plant and animal species. According to the current estimates, around 40% to 75% of all biotic species are indigenous Notes 1 to the rainforests.
What’s more, there are probably millions of species of plants, insects, and microorganisms still undiscovered in tropical rainforests. They are responsible for 28% of the world’s oxygen turnover. More than 20% of the world’s oxygen is produced in the Amazon Rainforest only, that’s why it has been described as the “lungs of our planet”.
Unfortunately, rainforests are rapidly disappearing due to deforestation. The loss is huge, and probably hundreds or even thousands of undiscovered species going extinct every single day. We are losing them forever.
Continue reading Rainforests of the World (Infographic)
Here are the top ten most powerful earthquakes (by the Moment magnitude scale, MMS; denoted as Mw or M) in recorded history, according to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), a scientific agency of the United States government.
Continue reading Top 10 Most Powerful Earthquakes in Recorded History
Since the Neolithic revolution, humanity is building cities. Here are the top ten amazing facts about cities all around the world.
Continue reading Top 10 City Facts
Earth, the blue planet: the oceans combined with the atmosphere makes the planet look blue. So its color mainly comes from water. About 71% of the Earth’s surface is covered with water, in fact, Earth is still the only planet we know where water can exist in liquid form on the surface. Water is also vital for all known forms of life. But there are numerous places on Earth that receive rainfall less than even 0.76 mm annually. One place even receives absolutely no rainfall. Here are the top ten driest places on Earth.
Continue reading Top 10 driest places on Earth
The exact moment of the Calbuco Volcano eruption captured by a currently anonymous hiker in Chile. The volcano erupted on April 22, 2015, for the first time in four decades (the last one was in 1972).
Continue reading The Exact Moment of the Calbuco Volcano Eruption captured by a hiker
The Calbuco volcano in southern Chile has erupted twice and the people have been evacuated. It is the first eruption of the stratovolcano in 42 years; results in huge ash cloud over a mountainous area in the south of Chile.
The amazing footage from the area shows a huge column of lava and ash being sent several kilometers into the air.
Continue reading Calbuco volcano (Chile) erupts – amazing video
The age of the Earth is approximately 4.54 billion years. For all these years, our planet has been a work in progress: water, wind, air pressure, minerals, heat, and even extraterrestrial forces like meteors and comets mold and shape our environment, and created all manner of strange formations. Some of them are really beautiful: we call them “Natural wonders”. Some natural wonders are really famous, for example, the Grand Canyon or Victoria Falls. Some of them are lesser known, yet still stunning. Here are the 10 lesser known natural wonders of the World.
Continue reading 10 Lesser Known Natural Wonders (I)