The European Space Agency (ESA), an international organization dedicated to the exploration of space was founded on May 30, 1975.

Shortly after its formation, on August 9, 1975, the space agency ESA launched its first major scientific mission, Cos-B, a space probe monitoring gamma-ray emissions in the universe, which was first worked on by ESRO (European Space Research Organization, one of the precursors of the European Space Agency).

Today’s (May 30) story of what happened this day in Science, Technology, Astronomy, and Space Exploration history.

European Space Agency: Europe’s Gateway to Space

According to the space agency’s website, “The European Space Agency (ESA) is Europe’s gateway to space. Its mission is to shape the development of Europe’s space capability and ensure that investment in space continues to deliver benefits to the citizens of Europe and the world.”

ESA’s Headquarters are located in Paris.

According to the ESA website, the European Space Agency’s activities are:

European Space Agency Members

The full members are (Country: Member Since, Country’s Space Agency):

  1. Austria: 30 December 1986, FFG
  2. Belgium: 3 October 1978, BELSPRO
  3. Czech Republic: 12 November 2008, Ministry of Transport
  4. Denmark: 15 September 1977, DTU Space
  5. Estonia: 4 February 2015, ESO
  6. Finland: 1 January 1995, TEM
  7. France: 30 October 1980, CNES
  8. Germany: 26 July 1977, DLR
  9. Greece: 9 March 2005, HSA
  10. Hungary: 24 February 2015, HSO
  11. Republic of Ireland: 10 December 1980, EI
  12. Italy: 20 February 1978, ASI
  13. Luxembourg: 30 June 2005, Luxinnovation
  14. Netherlands: 6 February 1979, NSO
  15. Norway: 30 December 1986, NSA
  16. Poland: 19 November 2012, POLSA
  17. Portugal: 14 November, FCT
  18. Romania: 22 December 2011, ROSA
  19. Spain: 7 February 1979, INTA
  20. Sweden: 6 April 1976, SNSA
  21. Switzerland: 19 November 1976, SSO
  22. United Kingdom: 28 March 1978, UKSA
European Space Agency ESA's Headquarters in Paris, France
The photo of the European Space Agency ESA’s Headquarters in Paris, France. The photograph was taken on 23 November 2015, showing the new 22-member state decorations. Photo by ESA/M. Trovatello – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 igo, Link

May 30 in Science, Technology, Astronomy, and Space Exploration history

Sources

M. Özgür Nevres

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