Lion distribution map (historic and current)

Lion distribution map (historic and current)

Lion distribution map (historic and current). The lion (Panthera leo), once widely distributed across most of Africa and parts of Europe and Asia, is now confined to a number of isolated areas as shown on the map, amounting to only about 20% of its historic range. Lion has been listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 1996, as populations in African range countries declined by about 43% since the early 1990s. Like most wild animals which share the same status, habitat loss and conflicts with humans are considered the most significant threats to the lion populations. They are mostly killed by humans in bravery rituals, as hunting trophies, for (non-existing!) medicinal powers, or by ranchers protecting their livestock. Estimates of the African lion population range between 16,500 and 47,000 living in the wild in between 2002–2004, down from early 1990s estimates that ranged as high as 100,000 and perhaps 400,000 in 1950. Image: wikimedia

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