View of Lake Baikal

The deepest lake in the World: Lake Baikal

The world’s deepest lake is the Lake Baikal, which has a depth of 1,642 meters (5,387 feet). It is a rift lake in the south of the Russian region of Siberia. It’s bottom is at 4,215 feet (1,285 meters) below the sea level. In terms of volume, Lake Baikal is also the world’s largest freshwater lake; it contains roughly 20% of the world’s unfrozen surface fresh water with 23,615.39 cubic kilometers (5,700 cubic miles). It contains more water than that of all the Great Lakes combined.

Location of the Lake Baikal

View of Lake Baikal
View of Lake Baikal. It is the world’s deepest lake, which has a depth of 1,642 meters (5,387 feet) It is also thought to be the world’s oldest lake at 25 million years. It is the seventh-largest lake in the world by surface area.

Lake Baikal is home to more than 1,700 species of plants and animals, two-thirds of which can be found nowhere else in the world and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996.

A rift lake is a lake formed as a result of subsidence related to movement on faults within a rift zone, an area of extensional tectonics in the continental crust. They are often found within rift valleys and may be very deep. Rift lakes may be bounded by large steep cliffs along the fault margins.

The deepest lake in the United States is Crater Lake, a volcanic crater in southern Oregon. It’s deepest measured depth is 594 meters (1,949 feet). It is the ninth deepest lake in the world.

Here are the list of the deepest 30 lakes in the world:

# Name Country Region Depth
(meters)
Depth
(feet)
1 Baikal Russia Siberia 1,642 5,387
2 Tanganyika Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Zambia Central Africa 1,470 4,823
3 Caspian Sea Iran, Russia, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan 1,025 3,363
4 Vostok Antarctica ~1,000 ~3,300
5 O’Higgins-San Martín Chile, Argentina Aysén (Chile), Santa Cruz (Argentina) 836 2,742
6 Malawi Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi 706 2,316
7 Issyk Kul Kyrgyzstan 668 2,192
8 Great Slave Canada Northwest Territories 614 2,015
9 Crater United States Oregon 594 1,949
10 Matano Indonesia Sulawesi 590 1,936
11 General Carrera-Buenos Aires Chile, Argentina 586 1,923
12 Hornindalsvatnet Norway Sogn og Fjordane 514 1,686
13 Quesnel Canada British Columbia 506 1,660
14 Toba Indonesia Sumatra 505 1,657
14 Sarez Tajikistan 505 1,657
15 Tahoe United States California, Nevada 501 1,645
16 Argentino Argentina Santa Cruz (Patagonia) 500 1,640
17 Kivu Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda 480 1,575
18 Grand Canada Newfoundland 475 1,558
19 Mjøsa Norway Hedmark, Oppland and Akershus counties 468 1,535
20 Salsvatn Norway Nord-Trøndelag county 464 1,523
20 Nahuel Huapi Argentina Rio Negro, Patagonia 464 1,523
21 Hauroko New Zealand Southland (South Island) 462 1,516
22 Cochrane / Pueyrredón Chile, Argentina Aysén (Chile), Santa Cruz (Argentina) 460 1,509
22 Tinnsjø Norway Telemark county 460 1,509
23 Adams Canada British Columbia 457 1,499
24 Chelan United States Washington (state) 453 1,486
25 Van Turkey 451 1,480
26 Poso Indonesia Sulawesi 450 1,476
27 Fagnano Argentina, Chile Tierra del Fuego 449 1,473
28 Great Bear Canada Northwest Territories 446 1,463
29 Manapouri New Zealand Southland (South Island) 444 1,457
30 Te Anau New Zealand Southland (South Island) 425 1,390

Sources

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