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The deepest lake in the World: Lake Baikal

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The world’s deepest lake is the Lake Baikal, which has a depth of 1,642 meters (5,387 feet). It is a rift lake in the south of the Russian region of Siberia. It’s bottom is at 4,215 feet (1,285 meters) below the sea level. In terms of volume, Lake Baikal is also the world’s largest freshwater lake; it contains roughly 20% of the world’s unfrozen surface fresh water with 23,615.39 cubic kilometers (5,700 cubic miles). It contains more water than that of all the Great Lakes combined.
Location of the Lake Baikal

View of Lake Baikal
View of Lake Baikal. It is the world’s deepest lake, which has a depth of 1,642 meters (5,387 feet) It is also thought to be the world’s oldest lake at 25 million years. It is the seventh-largest lake in the world by surface area.

Lake Baikal is home to more than 1,700 species of plants and animals, two-thirds of which can be found nowhere else in the world and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996.

A rift lake is a lake formed as a result of subsidence related to movement on faults within a rift zone, an area of extensional tectonics in the continental crust. They are often found within rift valleys and may be very deep. Rift lakes may be bounded by large steep cliffs along the fault margins.

The deepest lake in the United States is Crater Lake, a volcanic crater in southern Oregon. It’s deepest measured depth is 594 meters (1,949 feet). It is the ninth deepest lake in the world.

Here are the list of the deepest 30 lakes in the world:

#

Name

Country

Region

Depth
(meters)

Depth
(feet)

1

Baikal

Russia

Siberia

1,642

5,387

2

Tanganyika

Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Zambia

Central Africa

1,470

4,823

3

Caspian Sea

Iran, Russia, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan

1,025

3,363

4

Vostok

Antarctica

~1,000

~3,300

5

O’Higgins-San Martín

Chile, Argentina

Aysén (Chile), Santa Cruz (Argentina)

836

2,742

6

Malawi

Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi

706

2,316

7

Issyk Kul

Kyrgyzstan

668

2,192

8

Great Slave

Canada

Northwest Territories

614

2,015

9

Crater

United States

Oregon

594

1,949

10

Matano

Indonesia

Sulawesi

590

1,936

11

General Carrera-Buenos Aires

Chile, Argentina

586

1,923

12

Hornindalsvatnet

Norway

Sogn og Fjordane

514

1,686

13

Quesnel

Canada

British Columbia

506

1,660

14

Toba

Indonesia

Sumatra

505

1,657

14

Sarez

Tajikistan

505

1,657

15

Tahoe

United States

California, Nevada

501

1,645

16

Argentino

Argentina

Santa Cruz (Patagonia)

500

1,640

17

Kivu

Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda

480

1,575

18

Grand

Canada

Newfoundland

475

1,558

19

Mjøsa

Norway

Hedmark, Oppland and Akershus counties

468

1,535

20

Salsvatn

Norway

Nord-Trøndelag county

464

1,523

20

Nahuel Huapi

Argentina

Rio Negro, Patagonia

464

1,523

21

Hauroko

New Zealand

Southland (South Island)

462

1,516

22

Cochrane / Pueyrredón

Chile, Argentina

Aysén (Chile), Santa Cruz (Argentina)

460

1,509

22

Tinnsjø

Norway

Telemark county

460

1,509

23

Adams

Canada

British Columbia

457

1,499

24

Chelan

United States

Washington (state)

453

1,486

25

Van

Turkey

451

1,480

26

Poso

Indonesia

Sulawesi

450

1,476

27

Fagnano

Argentina, Chile

Tierra del Fuego

449

1,473

28

Great Bear

Canada

Northwest Territories

446

1,463

29

Manapouri

New Zealand

Southland (South Island)

444

1,457

30

Te Anau

New Zealand

Southland (South Island)

425

1,390

Sources

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