March 22, 2019, is World Water Day. Water is a basic human right. According to the United Nations, water scarcity affects more than 40% of people (40% !) around the world, and this is projected to increase with the rise of global temperatures. Providing clean water and sanitation for all is a huge challenge.

Today, more than 800 million people in impoverished areas have no access to any clean water source.

Many research organizations note that a billion people and countless billions of animals and plants are in danger of running out of access to fresh water by natural or irrigated sources. Between overuse, climate change, and contamination, there are water crises unfolding in arid regions.

Space technologies can’t solve the problem, but it can help: European Space Agency (ESA) has published a video to celebrate World Water Day 2019 and to take a look at ways that space can help this global challenge.

UN Sustainable Goal 6 is crystal clear: Water for all by 2030. For World Water Day we take a look at ways that space can help this global challenge. While Earth-observing satellites monitor our precious water resources, technologies developed for human space missions also serve global needs in harsh environments here on Earth. ESA is Europe’s gateway to space. Our mission is to shape the development of Europe’s space capability and ensure that investment in space continues to deliver benefits to the citizens of Europe and the world. Check out the ESA website to get up to speed on everything space-related.
World Water Day 2019 - A woman scoops water in a dry riverbed
A woman scoops water in a dry riverbed near Kataboi village in remote Turkana in northern Kenya. In 40°C heat and with no access to clean water, she resorts to collecting unfiltered water for her family in containers. The lack of rain in the arid years across the Horn of Africa results in failed crops, lack of water, and death of livestock. Picture: Marisol Grandon/Department for International Development. Image source: Wikimedia
M. Özgür Nevres

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