A documentation about the Saturn V, the biggest and most powerful rocket ever built (as of 2019, it still holds these titles). The three-stage liquid-fueled super heavy-lift launch vehicle was used
by NASA between 1967 and 1973. Saturn V was developed to support the Apollo program for the Moon landing and was later used to launch Skylab.

What’s more, to date, the Saturn V remains the only launch vehicle to carry humans beyond low Earth orbit Notes 1.

Its first stage was powered by five Rocketdyne F-1 engines. With a thrust of 1,746,000 lbf (7,770 kN) in vacuum (1,522,000 lbf / 6,770 kN at sea level), the F-1 remains the most powerful single combustion chamber liquid-propellant rocket engine ever developed.

This documentation is published by the Largest Dams channel.

“With time and perseverance, the rocket engineers solved problem after problem. However, time was a luxury the Apollo Program did not have.”

The Saturn V (Saturn five) was an American human-rated expendable rocket used by NASA between 1967 and 1973. It was the biggest and most powerful rocket ever built and as of 2019, it still holds these titles. The three-stage liquid-fueled super heavy-lift launch vehicle was developed to support the Apollo program for the Moon landing and was later used to launch Skylab, the first American space station launched and operated by NASA, and occupied for about 24 weeks between May 1973 and February 1974 – the only space station the United States has operated exclusively.

Saturn V, the rocket which took humans to the Moon

“It was the down of a new era in spaceflight. With five engines guzzling 15 tons of fuel every second to generate 160 million horsepower, the 6.1 million pound (2,767 tons) Saturn V rocket soared into the sky.”

Apollo 11 Saturn V launch
The Apollo 11 Saturn V lifts off at 9:32 a.m. EDT July 16, 1969, from Kennedy’s Launch Complex 39A. As of 2018, Saturn V launch vehicle still remains the tallest, heaviest, and most powerful rocket ever built. Image: NASA The Apollo 11 mission, the first manned lunar mission, launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida via the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) developed Saturn V launch vehicle on July 16, 1969, and safely returned to Earth on July 24, 1969. The Saturn V vehicle produced a holocaust of flames as it rose from its pad at Launch complex 39. The 363 foot tall, 6,400,000 pounds (2,902,991 kg) rocket hurled the spacecraft into Earth parking orbit and then placed it on the trajectory to the moon for the humanity’s first lunar landing. Aboard the spacecraft were astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, commander; Michael Collins, Command Module pilot; and Edwin E. Aldrin Jr., Lunar Module pilot. With the success of Apollo 11, the national objective to land humans on the Moon and return them safely to Earth had been accomplished.

Why the Saturn V was a three-stage rocket? Because you can’t go to space with a single stage launch vehicle (in fact you may go, but going to space is one thing, and staying there is another). And forget about getting to the Moon. In the video below, photographer Tim Dodd aka “Everyday Astronaut” explains why you can’t escape the Earth’s strong gravity with a single-stage rocket.

Rockets are HUGE, complicated and expensive. As a matter of fact, the rocket that took humans to the moon, the Saturn V, was 111 meters or 363 feet tall, and had more separation events than dating teenagers.
So why do rockets always split themselves into multiple parts. Isn’t that complicated and risky? Why throw so much away? I mean, there’s got to be a better way!!!
Well how about if rockets were only ONE stage? How awesome would that be? Well this idea isn’t new… it’s called single stage to orbit or SSTO and it’s often considered the holy grail of rocketry.
Well, today, I’m going to SMASH THAT HOLY GRAIL and explain why I think SSTO’s SUCK.
In order to drill this point in we’ll teach you all about the tyranny of the rocket equation and help you understand why every orbital rocket, well, ever is multistage.
Then we’ll take a stroll down SSTO history and look at some crazy designs that in some cases almost worked…
And not to be a huge downer, we will take a look at some SSTO designs that MIGHT actually work, including the Skylon spaceplane that uses the awesome SABRE hybrid engine.

Notes

  1. Low Earth Orbit (LEO) is an orbit around Earth with an altitude between 160 kilometers (99 mi) (orbital period of about 88 minutes), and 2,000 kilometers (1,200 mi) (orbital period of about 127 minutes). For example, the International Space Station (ISS) is in Low Earth Orbit. It orbits the Earth at around 400 km (250 miles).

Sources

M. Özgür Nevres

I am a software developer, a former road racing cyclist, and a science enthusiast. Also an animal lover! I write about the planet Earth and science on this website, ourplnt.com. You can check out my social media profiles by clicking on their icons.

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