Category Archives: People

Two new innovations to save children from dying

Thanks to improvements in healthcare and many other areas, people today are living longer, healthier, and happier lives than ever before. And what’s more, these improvements are global. It’s happening in the developing countries as well. Africa, the poorest continent (eighteen of the poorest countries by GDP per capita are in Africa) is also no exception: the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) declined significantly between 1960 and 2001.

For example, in Ethiopia, as late as 1980, almost a quarter of the children died before their fifth birthday. Today, fewer than 6% die, which is still far too many, but the numbers continue to fall. And vaccines play a very crucial part here. But, supplying vaccines to distant clinics in hot climates served by poorly developed transport networks is a big problem. The vaccines must be kept between 2 and 8° C (36 to 46 °F). They need to be distributed in a temperature-controlled supply chain, which is called “cold chain”. Now, there are two new innovations addressing this problem.

One of them is MetaFridge, a cooler which allows them vaccines to stay between 2 and 8° C (36 to 46 °F) for days, even if the power is out.

Continue reading Two new innovations to save children from dying

World’s Water Inequality Crisis

Despite today people are living longer, healthier, and happier lives than ever before, there are still many problems that humanity should address. One of the most important of them is the water inequality. While people in First World countries can very easily take fresh, clean water for granted, more than 800 million others in impoverished areas have no access to any clean water source. It is a common occurrence in some regions for people to defecate openly, walk more than 30 minutes to access clean water and share toilets with other humans. In 2018, is this really something that we should just accept as an inevitable way of the world?

Continue reading World’s Water Inequality Crisis

Astronaut Honors Holocaust Remembrance Day from space with “Moon Landscape” drawing by Holocaust victim Petr Ginz

NASA Astronaut Andrew Jay “Drew” Feustel, who is currently living and working aboard the International Space Station, published a photo on his Twitter account with a replica of the “Moon Landscape” drawing by Holocaust victim Petr Ginz to honor Holocaust Remembrance Day (Yom HaShoah). The replica of the painting was first flown in space by Ilan Ramon (June 20, 1954 – February 1, 2003), the first Israeli astronaut for NASA. Ramon has died in the re-entry accident of STS-107, the fatal mission of the Space Shuttle Columbia. Ilan Ramon’s mother and grandmother were Auschwitz survivors, and his grandfather and other family members perished in Nazi death camps.

Feustel took with him to space a copy of a special drawing entitled “Moon Landscape”, which was created by a Jewish Czech boy named Petr Ginz (1 February 1928 – 28 September 1944) while incarcerated in Terezin, Czechoslovakia, during World War II. The drawing depicts how Earth would look from the surface of the moon. Petr was fascinated by science fiction and inspired by his favorite author, the French novelist, poet, and playwright Jules Verne (8 February 1828 – 24 March 1905), to draw and write stories about a far-off world he would never visit. At the age of 16, Petr lost his life at Auschwitz.

Continue reading Astronaut Honors Holocaust Remembrance Day from space with “Moon Landscape” drawing by Holocaust victim Petr Ginz

Watch: Does saving more lives lead to overpopulation?

The Earth is getting more crowded every single day. As of December 2017, the world population was estimated at 7.6 billion. It took 200,000 years for our human population to reach 1 billion, and only 200 years to reach 7+ billion. The United Nations estimates it will further increase to 11.2 billion in the year 2100. Another fact is, now people live longer and healthier lives, and infant mortality rate (IMR) is declining rapidly. In the early 1800s, newborn were expected to live only a dismal of 30 years. But, thanks to advances in farming, medicine, and sanitation, a newborn today can expect to live more than 70 years. Is that trend dangerous? Does saving more lives lead to overpopulation? In the video below, Bill Gates answers that question.

Continue reading Watch: Does saving more lives lead to overpopulation?

People today are living longer, healthier, and happier lives than ever before

In a video published by Bill Gates on his Youtube channel, originally titled “Humanity is fighting back against the Grim Reaper”, Steven Pinker, the Canadian-American cognitive psychologist, linguist, popular science author and Johnstone Family Professor in the Department of Psychology at Harvard University explains why people today are living longer, healthier, and happier lives than ever before. Pinker is one of Gates’ favorite authors.

Continue reading People today are living longer, healthier, and happier lives than ever before

What would happen if humans became extinct?

In the last few thousand years, humans have had a powerful impact on Earth. Within a geological blink of an eye, we exploded out of Africa to colonize virtually every inhabitable space on the planet. We dammed the rivers, we domesticated animals, deforested many areas, changed the chemistry of the atmosphere and the seas… the list goes on. But, what would happen if humans suddenly become extinct in the future?

One may think “humans are so intelligent, so it’s very unlikely that the entire human race will be gone”. But, in fact, there is a strong chance that it will happen, and probably not in the long run!

Continue reading What would happen if humans became extinct?

Human Population Through Time (Video)

The Earth is getting more crowded every single day. As of August 2016, the world population was estimated at 7.4 billion. Our planet is already overpopulated, and despite the growth of the population begun slowing, the situation will be worse: the United Nations estimates it will further increase to 11.2 billion in the year 2100.

Here is a video published by the American Museum of Natural History showing the World’s population through time.

“It took 200,000 years for our human population to reach 1 billion—and only 200 years to reach 7 billion. But growth has begun slowing, as women have fewer babies on average. When will our global population peak? And how can we minimize our impact on Earth’ resources, even as we approach 11 billion?”

Continue reading Human Population Through Time (Video)

Ava, the bronze-age woman

A woman’s face, who buried over 3,700 years ago in Northern Scotland has been reconstructed by a team of archaeologists and forensic artists led by Maya Hoole. It was the bronze-age at that time in the area.

In 1987 the remains of an individual (a woman between 18-22 year old) buried over 3,700 years ago were discovered at Achavanich in Caithness in the north of Scotland. She was a member of a European group known as the Beaker people. She has been nicknamed ‘Ava’, an abbreviation of the place -Achavanich- she was found. The site was rescued and excavated by the Highland Regional Council Archaeology Unit. Then, the site was mostly forgotten about over the next three decades.

Continue reading Ava, the bronze-age woman