Edgar Mitchell, the American naval officer and aviator, test pilot, aeronautical engineer, NASA astronaut, and the sixth human to walk on the Moon, died on February 4, 2016
NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) announced that: “We’re saddened by the loss of astronaut Edgar Mitchell. He served as a lunar module pilot on Apollo 14 and was one of twelve American astronauts to walk on the moon. We salute his life and work, pushing the boundaries of exploration”.
Mitchell was selected to be an astronaut in 1966 and was seconded from the Navy to NASA. He was designated as backup Lunar Module Pilot for Apollo 10, and served as Lunar Module Pilot on Apollo 14, landing Antares (the Lunar Module) in the hilly upland Fra Mauro Highlands region.
For two days, February 5 and 6, 1971, Mitchell and Alan Shepard deployed and activated scientific equipment and experiments on the lunar surface. They collected almost 100 pounds of lunar samples for return to Earth.
Other Apollo 14 achievements include:
- The first use of Mobile Equipment Transporter (MET)
- The largest payload placed in lunar orbit
- The longest distance traversed on foot on the lunar surface
- The largest payload returned from the lunar surface
- The longest lunar surface stay time (33 hours)
- The longest lunar surface EVA (9 hours and 23 minutes)
- The first use of shortened lunar orbit rendezvous techniques
- The first use of color TV with new vidicon tube
- The first extensive orbital science period was conducted during CSM solo operations.
Mitchell became the sixth person to walk on the Moon. As the Lunar Module Pilot of Apollo 14, he spent nine hours working on the lunar surface in the Fra Mauro Highlands region.
“You develop an instant global consciousness, a people orientation, an intense dissatisfaction with the state of the world, and a compulsion to do something about it. From out there on the moon, international politics look so petty. You want to grab a politician by the scruff of the neck and drag him a quarter of a million miles out and say, ‘Look at that, you son of a bitch.” –Edgar Mitchell